​The information contained at this site is for information only.

Hempire State Growers makes no medical claims or benefit statements of the efficacy of CBD, hemp or any of their derivatives. CBD is NOT FDA approved and Hempire State Growers explicitly disclaims any benefit of its use as a drug, medical aid, pain reliever or any other medicinal benefit.  

Hemp Info & FAQ

Hemp 101

Understanding Cannabinoids


Cannabinoids are the chemical compounds naturally produced by cannabis flowers and leaves. CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) are two of the more commonly known cannabinoids, but there are over 100 different cannabinoids. CBD is the most abundant cannabinoid found in cannabis resin.




What Cannabinoids are in Cannabis?


Cannabis makes cannabinoids in an acid form. These cannabinoid acids must be “converted” (decarboxylated), usually by heat, to yield the compounds that are absorbable by the body. But in addition to THCA and CBDA, there are a number of other related cannabinoid acids that can be produced by cannabis. These are some: CBGA (Cannabigerolic acid) THCA (Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid) CBDA (Cannabidiolic acid) CBCA (Cannabichromenenic acid) CBGVA (Cannabigerovarinic acid) THCVA (Tetrahydrocanabivarinic acid) CBDVA (Cannabidivarinic acid) CBCVA (Cannabichromevarinic acid)




Why are CBD rich plants female?


Hemp and cannabis oil production depends on female plants. When male hemp and cannabis plants pollinate female plants, energy is diverted to seed production rather than producing the cannabinoid-rich resin in the female flowers. The female hemp plant can produce higher levels of CBD when there is no male hemp plant nearby to pollinate it.




What are Trichomes?


Trichomes are the resin glands of the cannabis plant that contain CBD, THC and other active cannabinoids. They are found in high concentrations on the flowers, and also on the leaves. Trichomes progress in their development from translucent to milky to amber in color, and help to indicate when plants have higher levels of cannabinoids and are ready to be harvested.




What are Terpenes?


Terpenes These are aromatic compounds produced by the cannabis plant, and are also readily found in the essential oils of lavender, orange, black pepper, eucalyptus, and many other plants. Various researchers have emphasized the pharmacological importance of terpenes, or terpenoids, which form the basis of aromatherapy, a common holistic healing modality. The unique fragrance and flavor of cannabis are determined by the predominant terpenes in a strain, and the terpenoid profile can vary considerably from strain to strain. Around 200 terpenes have been found in cannabis. Terpenes are healthy for people, in addition to the other plant attributes.




THC vs. CBD


Even though hemp and marijuana are both the same species of plant, there are important ways in which they differ. Both are beneficial but differ in their chemistry, function, cultivation and application. Currently, in the United States, marijuana is defined as any Cannabis sativa plant that has greater than 0.3 percent delta-9 THC. THC is the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis. By contrast, hemp plants are defined as any cannabis plant that has 0.3 percent or less delta-9 THC. Therefore, a plant with >0.3 percent THC would be classified as a marijuana plant.




Hemp vs Marijuana


Both hemp and marijuana belong to this same genus and species, Cannabis sativa.

Cannabis sativa is one of the earliest known cultivated plants containing many valuable natural compounds. It has been cultivated throughout the world and history for use as a food, fuel source, nutritional supplement, body care product, source of paper, building material, medicine, and in textiles.





Potential Benefits of CBD

What are the potential health benefits of CBD?


It has been suggested that CBD may be used to relieve symptoms of the following health conditions: anxiety, including sleep deficiency, inflammation, chronic pain, such as arthritis, and it could help people in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease. Currently, the only FDA-approved CBD drug, Epidiolex, is used by patients to treat seizures associated with epilepsy.




What is an 'Entourage Effect?'


This is the term that describes the theory that cannabis compounds in combination create a different physical or psychological impact than a single compound on its own. Whole cannabis plant extractions typically include CBD, THC, and more than 400 trace compounds, including terpenes. Research suggests that many of these compounds interact synergistically to create what scientists refer to as an “entourage effect” that magnifies the therapeutic benefits of the plant’s individual components, so that the medicinal impact of the whole plant is greater than the sum of its parts.




Can CBD be harmful?


Though there is much to be learned about the efficacy and safety of CBD, recent scientific papers from studies on cannabidiol suggest that CBD may provide a safe, powerful natural treatment for many health issues. According to the World Health Organization, “across a number of controlled and open label trials of the potential therapeutic effects of CBD, it is generally well-tolerated, with a good safety profile.”




What are the environmental benefits of hemp & regenerative agriculture?


There are numerous ways in which hemp benefits and regenerates the natural environment. Among them is that growing hemp does not require the use of pesticides that are deadly to bees and other pollinators, as well as harmful to human health. Hemp can be used for bioremediation - removing contaminants from the soil, and helping to prevent soil erosion and compaction. Hemp also sequesters (removes) carbon from the atmosphere and returns it to the soil.




What are some other uses of hemp?


Hemp offers many different uses that can promote a more sustainable world. Parts of the plant can be used as food, in paper production, textiles, building materials and body care products. In addition, hemp products can be recycled, reused and are 100% biodegradable. Two more recent and promising uses of hemp are in the production of hemp concrete (hempcrete) and hemp bioplastics.




How does CBD work with your body's endocannabinoid system?


The endocannabinoid system regulates bodily processes in order to maintain homeostasis, or balance between the other systems within the body. The word "cannabinoid" comes from "cannabis," and "endo" is short for "endogenous," so "endocannabinoid" simply means cannabis-like substances that naturally occur inside the body. When the endocannabinoid system identifies issues of imbalance, it activates its receptors, CB1 and CB2, synthesizing endocannabinoids and thereby activating the healing process. While our bodies produce their own endocannabinoids, also taking external cannabinoids, such as CBD, will help stimulate and open receptors in the ECS, thus helping you achieve greater homeostasis and health.





Selecting Quality CBD

Is hemp grown with the use of any pesticides or harmful chemicals?


While the EPA has recently approved the use of 10 pesticides for hemp production, Hempire State Growers grows their hemp using only organic growing practices.




How is Hempire State Growers' hemp processed?


Our CBD extraction process occurs onsite allowing us to process our organically-grown hemp into premium CBD distillates directly on our farm. Our extractor uses industry-leading processing equipment in a closed-loop system using sub-critical ethanol extraction, wipe-film distillation, and a custom engineered process that produces world-class quality CBD extracts. Our processing labs are FDA food safety certified with both cGMP and cGLP laboratory certifications.




What do I look for in selecting a high quality CBD product?


High quality CBD flower and distillate needs to take into account the source of the hemp and its organic growing practices, the harvesting, drying and extraction processes, as well as the resulting products. Hempire State Growers CBD products are sourced from the flower and biomass of 5 organically grown varieties which test at high CBD levels. The extraction process retains these high CBD levels, as well as a balance of the other naturally occurring cannabinoids. The resulting product yields a triple distillate oil with a minimum of 80% CBD, along with lesser amounts of the other cannabinoids. Our test results show that our products retain this CBD profile.




What is the difference between CBD oil and hemp oil?


Hemp Oil or hempseed oil is oil that’s been extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant. To extract the oil, hemp seeds are pressed and bottled or further processed and refined before bottling. Hemp oil will not come with a Certificate of Analysis and contains no THC. CBD Oil or cannabidiol is also derived from the hemp plant, but instead of using the seeds, CBD oil is extracted from the flowers and leaves of matured hemp plants. CBD oil can be extracted through several methods, including ethanol, carbon dioxide, and cold pressing. The extraction method can play a part in the quality of CBD oil. Reputable CBD oil will come with a certificate of analysis (COA) that details exactly what’s in the product.




What is the difference between Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, and THC-Free CBD distillate?


Full Spectrum CBD Distillate contains a very high concentration of cannabidiol (CBD) and includes lower levels of other cannabinoids and terpenes found in the whole hemp plant, including THC. Broad Spectrum CBD Distillate is further refined to retain a high concentration of CBD but will include fewer of the other cannabinoids and terpenes, including THC. THC-Free CBD Distillate is typically a product of a separate process to remove the small remaining percentage of THC, resulting in THC levels below the detectable level, while still maintaining the levels of other cannabinoids and terpenes.




What is a certificate of analysis (COA) and what does it indicate?


Always ask to see a product’s COA, or certificate of analysis. That document shows how a product performed on tests checking for CBD, THC, and other cannabinoid and terpene levels, as well as the presence of contaminants. Hempire State Growers regularly performs in-house lab testing of our hemp in all stages of growth and processing, but has third-party testing conducted as well. Look for total CBD levels to be high (>15%) and total THC levels to be at or lower than the legal limit.





phone:  1-845-207-3003

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